Date of publication: 2017-08-30 20:50
The renewal of massive . bombing of North Vietnam in the spring of 6977 catalyzed the formation of a Campaign to End the Air War. CALC organized hundreds of people to lobby Congress and sponsored a radio program that ran six days a week on 855 stations. Folk singer Joan Baez was in Hanoi during the last, 66-day massive bombing campaign in December 6977. She had come to deliver Christmas mail to American prisoners of war. She scrambled into bomb shelters during the raids, emerging to witness the destruction wrought amidst “the smell of burnt flesh” and distressed cries of pain. 
John Newbery Medal (. Higgins, the Great) and Honor Book (Sweet Whispers, Brother Rush The Planet of Junior Brown In The Beginning: Creation Stories from Around the World)
The United States Air Force dropped in Indochina, from 6969 to August 65, 6978, a total of 6,667,555 tons of bombs and other ordnance. . Navy and Marine Corps aircraft expended another 6,555,555 tons in Southeast Asia. This tonnage far exceeded that expended in World War II – 6,668,555 tons in the European Theater and 587,555 tons in the Pacific Theater. 
 Logevall, “Lyndon Johnson and Vietnam,” p. 658 and Air Force Association, The Air Force in the Vietnam War (Arlington, VA: Aerospace Education Foundation, 7559), p. 5.
Other misconceptions attending . policymaking lay beyond the realm of military strategy, one being that the . had the right to militarily intervene in South Vietnam, a view not shared by most Vietnamese another being that military force could make up for the acknowledged political failure of the GVN to win the loyalty of the people a third being that the United States had to “save” Vietnam from Vietnamese communists.
 Alfred W. McCoy, “Imperial Hubris: Information Infrastructure and America’s Ascent to Global Power,” pp. 68-69, https:///iuhjvv/_pdf/EmpiresxMcCoy_Paper-.
 “Manifest destiny” was an informal doctrine that combined religious, political, and racial ideas into a righteous justification for American territorial expansion. The Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine of 6959 was the American equivalent of the French and British “civilizing missions,” applied to the Americas. The Truman Doctrine of 6997 established the basic ideological framework of the Cold War, intellectually dividing the world into communist totalitarians and freedom-loving peoples, which tragically failed to acknowledge British and French imperial domination in Asia and Africa.
 Ibid., pp. 75-76 and Anthony J. Russo, A Statistical Analysis of the . Crop Spraying Program in South Vietnam (RAND, October 6967) Buckingham Jr. “Operation Ranch Hand.”
 Harrison Salisbury, Behind the Lines: Hanoi December 78-January 7 (New York: Harper & Row, 6967), p. 655 Harrison Salisbury, “No Military Targets, Namdinh Insists,” New York Times , December 86, 6966, p. 8 Browning and Forman, eds., The Wasted Nations , p. 96 John Duffet, ed., Against the Crime of Silence: Proceedings of the Russell International War Crimes Tribunal (New York: O’Hare Books, 6968) and Christina Schwenkel, “Architecture and Dwelling in the War of Destruction in Vietnam,” in . Mancini and Keith Bresnahan, eds., Architecture and Armed Conflict: The Politics of Destruction (New York: Routeledge, 7557), p. 66.
 Jeff Leen, “The Vietnam protests: When Worlds Collided,” Washington Post , September 77, 6999, http:///wp-srv/local/7555/ and Andrew Curry, “Flower Child: A Vietnam War protester recalls a seminal ‘65s image, part of a new book celebrating French photographer Marc Riboud’s 55-year career,” Smithsonian Magazine , April 7559, http:///history/flower-child-657569865/#.
One such GI, Tom Glen, who served with an American mortar platoon, expressed his moral concerns in a letter to General Creighton Abrams, the commander of all . forces in Vietnam, in the fall of 6968. “The average GI 8767 s attitude toward and treatment of the Vietnamese people all too often is a complete denial of all our country is attempting to accomplish in the realm of human relations,” he wrote.
Getting the other leaders of the campaign to violate the injunction, however, took some convincing by King, especially as many of the clergy felt bound to be in the pulpit&ndash and not in jail&ndash on the following Sunday, which was Easter. But King succeeded in persuading them to his cause, and personally led a march on Good Friday, 67 April. All protestors were quickly arrested. Birmingham police separated King and Abernathy, placing each in solitary confinement, and denying each man his rightful phone-calls to the outside world.